j6 THE FATE OF MAN in bourgeois society, thought and conscience were always personal: they were impersonal and average, adapting themselves to the prevail- ing type of man. The impersonal and inhuman power of money has determined the fate of man. The opinion of bourgeois society is a tyrant. It demands of man, of persons, quite impersonal judgments. Every atom must re- semble every other. Instead of meaning per- sonal originality and creativity, personal thought, individualism has usually meant egoism, profit, isolation, division, a wolf-like attitude toward one's neighbour, complete absence of the sense of super-personal service. Individualism has not been personalism at all; instead, it was another sort of tribal and collective instinct. Individual- ism is either a bourgeois attitude toward life, or the isolation of a few aesthetes. Personalism, on the other hand, is the realization in man of the image and likeness of God. In individualistic bourgeois society man has been socialized and objectivized, subject to the power of money and industrial development, his power of judgment has been subjected to bourgeois moral standards, but he has been constantly taught to think that he was serving society,, the nation or the state. At the same time he remained " the economic man," an individualist in economic life, guided by individual, rather than social interests.